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 Curriculum development is a complex process with several factors that aid in decision making. The goal of curriculum development is to build a framework and establish an atmosphere that facilitates learning.  No one can be totally objective in a cultural or social setting, but curriculum specialist can broaden their base of knowledge and experiences by trying to understand other people’s sense of values and by analyzing problems from various perspectives (Ornstein, Pajak, & Ornstein, 2015 p.3).  A value centered curriculum promotes student learning through socializing and reinforcing behavioral norms to create an environment that allow for student development. The value centered curriculum is a humanistic approach to curriculum that pushes students toward more personal and social development.  General Education has three goals, namely the target for the cognition domain, the target for the awareness domain, and the target for the creation domain (Karliani & Triyani 2021 p. 540). Values are an important component to aiding students in achieving these goals. Teaching values can lead to productive members of society that play an active role in the community and society as a whole.

            In my discipline of Physical Education the value centered approach is a necessary component of my curriculum. The majority of activities that are conducted in my class requires sportsmanship, citizenship, and cooperation amongst students to achieve desired outcomes. Students learn through playing. Concepts like fairness, sharing, success, and failure are experienced through play. There are many different definitions of play, most theorists and educators agree that play involves free choice, enjoyment, self-motivation, and a focus on process rather than on product (Nialand 2009 p.2). The components of playing are intricate to creative behavior and the lesson learned through playing become integral feature of the creative process throughout life. Allowing students to engage in meaningful games and integrating values into the lesson creates a trajectory to developing positive productive adults. Playing allows students to mimic the behavior of others to create growth in the critical thinking process. Therefore, play is regarded as being important in relation to children’s cognitive development, particularly their flexible thinking and problem-solving skills (Nialand 2009 p. 2). Teaching values can lead to productive members of society that play an active role in the community and society as a whole.       

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