Establishing goals within a treatment plan is an important component, because â€œgoals are central to achieving outcomes and working in systematic, process-oriented approachesâ€ (Hepworth et al., 2016).Â Â Goals function as establishing a clientâ€™s specific destination, which promotes change in the clientâ€™s circumstances, concerns, and/or needs (Hepworth et al., 2016). When creating goals, itâ€™s important to implement SMART goals.Â Â SMART goals stand for â€œmeasurable, action-orientated, realistic, and timely goalsâ€ (Hepworth et al., 2016).Â Â The application of SMART goals makes clientâ€™s goals attainable by ensuring the client agrees to the outcomes, gives direction and focus, establishes appropriate interventions or strategies, makes the client accountable, and provides tangible information around the effectiveness of the intervention or strategy (Hepworth et al., 2016).Â Â An example of a goal that uses the SMART goal technique includes:Â
1) Run a mile at least three times a week to help with physical fitnessÂ Â
2) Spend time with family by having a family game night at least twice a week for at minimum 1 to 2 hoursÂ
These goals indicate the clients to engage in a specific action for a specific amount of time per week, making it measurable and realistic goal.Â Â Goals that are vague or unrealistic will often result in the lack of interest or frustration by the client and the client withdraw from the treatment plan.Â Â Additionally, vague or unrealistic goals will make it difficult for the social worker to track the clientâ€™s progress and success in the strategies and/or interventions presented.Â Â An example of unrealistic and vague goals include:Â
1)Â Â Â Â Improve physical and mental health
2)Â Â Â Â Engage more often in outdoor hobbiesÂ
3)Â Â Â Â Develop healthier behaviors
Hepworth, D. H., Rooney, R. H., Rooney, G. D., & Strom-Godfried, K. (2016). Direct social work practice: Theory and skills (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.