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Module One_Resources_Healthcare_Law_Policies_and_Stakeholders.html

Introduction

In these resources, you will learn the essentials of health policy and law. You will learn about the types of stakeholders and their interest, influence, and involvement in the healthcare system. You will explore the impact of healthcare law and policies on the stakeholders. You will also learn the 10 essential public health services and the framework to communicate about them effectively to the public.

Required Resources

Reading: Essentials of Health Policy and Law, Chapters 1 and 5

Chapter 1 of the textbook covers the fundamentals of health law and policies. It also describes various conceptual frameworks to study health law and policies. This chapter briefly discusses the vast influence of policy and law in healthcare and public health. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • How do policymakers and the legal system reach a satisfactory balance of public health and private rights?
  • Who are the key stakeholders in healthcare, and how do health policies and laws impact them?

Chapter 5 of the textbook explores the role of the federal, state, and local public health agencies in healthcare. This chapter will help you understand how these agencies work together to solve healthcare issues and challenges. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • What role does federal policy and law play in public health?
  • What are the two useful models for understanding the role of local health departments, and why are they used?
  • What are the 10 essential healthcare services, and why are they identified as essential?

Reading: Vulnerable Population

This Shapiro Library resource defines the term vulnerable population and provides additional related articles that will inform or expand your understanding of the term. Although you are not required to read these related articles, they may provide some additional context and research that could help you in completing your assignments throughout the rest of the course. The related articles in this resource, unless already identified in a module as a required resource, can be considered outside resources and do not count as module resources as outlined in the course assignment rubrics, where applicable. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • Which groups are considered to be vulnerable populations?
  • Why is it important to identify vulnerable populations and their needs, particularly regarding health policy and law?

Reading: Underserved Population

This Shapiro Library resource defines the term underserved population and provides additional related articles that will inform or expand your understanding of the term. Although you are not required to read these related articles, they may provide some additional context and research that could help you in completing your assignments throughout the rest of the course. The related articles in this resource, unless already identified in a module as a required resource, can be considered outside resources and do not count as module resources as outlined in the course assignment rubrics, where applicable. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • Which groups are considered to be underserved populations?
  • Why is it important to identify underserved populations and their needs, particularly regarding health policy and law?

Reading: Stakeholders’ Identification Affecting the Scope and the Changes in the Health Care System

This resource explains how the healthcare system evolves and how various stakeholders influence the changes in the healthcare system. It explores multiple barriers that stand in the way of changes in healthcare. It will help you understand how the needs and interests of stakeholders impact the changes in the healthcare system. Also, it will help you learn about the role of each stakeholder in the course of changes in healthcare. Consider the following as you read:

  • Why do politicians have the greatest impact in changing the healthcare system?
  • What are the potential barriers to changes in healthcare?
  • How do patients influence the whole process of change in the healthcare system?

Reading: The “10 Essential Public Health Services” Is the Common Framework Needed to Communicate About Public Health

To access this Shapiro Library resource, select the “PDF Full Text” option. This article explains the 10 essential public health services and the challenges in communicating about them appropriately. It further explores the consequences of not understanding and wrongly communicating the purpose and scope of public health services. It will help you understand how the “10 Essential Public Health Services” (also known as Essential Services) framework evolved, and it describes the most recent version of the Essential Services framework. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • What are the consequences of our inability to communicate effectively about public health?
  • How does the new Essential Services framework help to assess public health system readiness and communicate public health funding needs?

Reading: Identifying and Analyzing Stakeholders and Their Interests

This resource explores the meaning, role, and interest of the stakeholders in an organization or a system. It will help you understand the importance of analyzing the stakeholders’ interest and impact on an organization or a system. This resource also provides a detailed description about the categories of stakeholders, such as primary, secondary, and key stakeholders. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • What are some of the more common interests of stakeholders?
  • What is the difference between primary and secondary stakeholders?

Reading: Identifying and Understanding How to Manage Conflict

This resource covers the information about dispute and conflict resolution specifically for healthcare professionals. It explains various causes of conflicts and disputes. Also, it describes a model of conflict resolution and will help you understand conflict and five different approaches to managing conflict. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • What are the four major types of conflict?
  • What is the key difference between avoiding and competing approaches to conflict in healthcare?

Additional Support (Optional)

Reading: Understanding Professional Stakeholders’ Active Resistance to Guideline Implementation: The Case of Canadian Breast Screening Guidelines

This Shapiro Library resource, using a case study, explains the answer to two critical questions about clinical guideline implementation. Consider the following questions as you read:

  • Why do professional stakeholders form active resistance to the implementation of some clinical guidelines?
  • How do professional values, perspectives, interests, and/or experiences influence the stakeholders’ stance?

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