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Organizing & Outlining Your Speech

Please check the
two attached files

Chapter 8 and 9 and answer the following questions:

5 Written questions

1. The principal subdivisions of the speech. The answers to the questions the audience may have about the thesis

2. Presentation that begins at a particular point in time and continues either forward or backward, useful for tracing steps in a process, relationships within a series of events, or development of ideas

3. Suggests that ideas with the same level of importance use the same kinds of numbers and letters to provide visualization of the relationships

4. Give advance warning or preview of the points to be covered

5. The main content of a speech that develops the speakers general and specific purposes

5 Matching questions

Guidelines for Good Main Points

A. expands on the ideas for speech, identifies main points and sub points you will cover, written as full sentences

Topical Pattern

Full Sentence Outline


Mind Mapping

B. 1 Be specific

2 Use vivid language

3 Show relevance

4. Create parallel structure

5. Limit the number of main points

Order of Presentation in which main topic is divided into a series of related subtopics; ex: homecoming at Clemson, tigerarna

D. visual organizational strategy that uses words or symbols to identify the concepts and their connections to each other

E. arranging of ideas and elements into a systematic and meaningful whole

5 Multiple Choice Questions

1. A short review statement given at the END of a main point:

A. Internal Summary

B. Internal Preview

C. Introduction

D. Transition

2. Refers to a speakers believability based on the audiences evaluation of the speakers competence, experience & character:

A. Credibility

B. Organizing

C. Coordination

D. Transition

3. An order of presentation in which the content of a speech is organized according to relationships in space; ex: speech about Clemson’s Campus

A. Subordination

B. Transition

C. Topical Patter

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Chaos is inherent in all
compounded things. Strive on
with diligence.
~ Buddha

Meg jaunted to the front of the

classroom—her trusty index cards in
one hand and her water bottle in the
other. It was the mid-term
presentation in her entomology class,
a course she enjoyed more than her
other classes. The night before, Meg
had spent hours scouring the web for
information on the Woody Adelgid,
an insect that has ravaged hemlock
tree populations in the United States
in recent years. But when she made it
to the podium and finished her well-
written and captivating introduction,
her speech began to fall apart. Her
index cards were a jumble of
unorganized information, not linked
together by any unifying theme or
purpose. As she stumbled through
lists of facts, Meg—along with her
peers and instructor—quickly
realized that her presentation had all
the necessary parts to be compelling,
but that those parts were not
organized into a coherent and
convincing speech.
Giving a speech or presentation can

be a daunting task for anyone,
especially inexperienced public
speakers or students in introductory
speech courses. Speaking to an
audience can also be a rewarding
experience for speakers who are willing
to put in the extra effort needed to craft
rhetorical masterpieces. Indeed,
speeches and presentations must be
crafted. Such a design requires that
speakers do a great deal of preparatory
work, like selecting a specific topic and
deciding on a particular purpose for
their speech. Once the topic and
purpose have been decided on, a thesis
statement can be prepared. After these

things are established, speakers must
select the main points of their speech,
which should be organized in a way
that illuminates the speaker’s
perspective, research agenda, or
solution to a problem. In a nutshell,
effective public speeches are focused
on particular topics and contain one or
more main points that are relevant to
both the topic and the audience. For all
of these components to come together
convincingly, organizing and outlining
must be done prior to giving a speech.

This chapter addresses a variety of
strategies needed to craft the body of
public speeches. The chapter begins at

the initial stages of speechwriting—
selecting an important and relevant
topic for your audience. The more
difficult task of formulating a purpose
statement is discussed next. A purpose

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit
nd/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
PDF documents prepared by Donna Painter Graphics.

Public Speaking: The Virtual Text

The secret of successful speakers? Passion and compassion
with a purpose.
~ Lily Walters

First impressions count. Carlin Flora

(2004), writing in Psychology Today,
recounts an experiment in which people
with no special training were shown
20-to 32- second video clips of job
applicants in the initial stages of a job
interview. After watching the short
clips, the viewers were asked to rate the
applicants on characteristics including
self-assurance and likeability—
important considerations in a job
interview. These ratings were then
compared with the findings from the
trained interviewers who spent 20
minutes or more with the job
applicants. The result: The 20-to 32-
second ratings were basically the same
as the ratings from the trained

When we stand in front of an
audience, we have very little time to set
the stage for a successful speech. As
seen from the example above, audience
members begin evaluating us
immediately. What we sometimes
forget since we are so focused on the
words we have to say is that we are
being evaluated even before we open
our mouths.

He has the deed half done
who has made a beginning.
~ Horace

functions of introductions
Speech introductions are an essential

element of an effective public speech.
Introductions have four specific
functions that need to be met in a very
short period of time. Introductions
must gain the audience’s attention and
their goodwill, they must state the

purpose of the speech and they must
preview the main points.

These first two functions of the
introduction, gaining the attention of
the audience and the good will of the
audience, have most to do with getting
the audience to want to listen to you.
The other two functions of the
introduction, stating the purpose of the
speech and previewing the structure of
the speech, have to do with helping the
audience understand you.

gain attention and Interest

The first function of the introduction
is to the get the attention AND the

introductions & conclusions
chapter 9

By Warren Sandmann, Ph.D.

Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN

chapter objectives:
After reading this chapter

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